One of the greatest challenges of the 21st century is meeting humanity’s increasing demand for natural resources, whilst remaining within the biophysical limits of the Earth system. The post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework seeks to transform humanity’s relationship with nature, with a bold vision of ‘living in harmony with nature’ by 2050.
However, ambitious goals are only meaningful if they can be translated into inclusive actions across all sectors of society. Almost every type of human activity draws down on natural resources. As such, conservation actions need to move beyond a niche interest of ‘conservationists’, to be incorporated in to the every-day actions and decisions of governments, businesses and individuals.
“Every nation, organisation and individual has a responsibility, and the power, to create meaningful change”
Through smart development policies, responsible businesses operations and sustainable lifestyle choices, every individual and organisation can take concrete actions which scale towards aspirational global goals for nature. The Mitigation and Conservation hierarchy helps all levels and sectors of society to contribute towards such goals, by providing a step-by-step framework to guide identification, implementation and monitoring of specific actions that contribute to overarching biodiversity goals.
Founded on the mitigation hierarchy: the framework is structured around four steps, which are based on the well-established ‘mitigation hierarchy’ for addressing the impacts of development on biodiversity: First 1. Avoid and then 2. Minimise impacts as far as possible, then 3.Restore/Remediate impacts that are immediately reversible, and finally 4. Offset any residual impacts, to achieve a desired net outcome (usually no net loss (NNL) or net gain).